Phân biệt cách dùng will và be going to
Will có ý nghĩa trung dung. Ta dùng will để miêu tả sự kiện (fact) trong tương lai.
I'll be twenty next Friday.
The spacecraft will come down in the Pacific Ocean tomorrow morning.
Ta dùng “be going to” để miêu tả một dự định, chuyện ta đã quyết định sẽ làm.
We're going to have a meal.
Tom is going to sell his car.
Will không diễn tả dự định (intention).
It's her birthday. She's going to have a meal with her friends.
KHÔNG VIẾT She'll have a meal.
Nhưng ta thường dùng“be going to”để miêu tả dự định còn dùng “will” để miêu tả chi tiết và đưa ra lời bình luận.
We're all going to have a meal. There'll be about ten of us. - Oh, that'll be nice.
Ta có thể dùngPresent Continuous giống như “be going to”.
- We're going to drive/We're driving down to the South of France.
- That'll be a long journey.
- Yes, it'll take two days. We'll arrive on Sunday.
Quyết định và dự định (Decisions and intentions)
BE GOING TO
|Ta dùngwillđể miêu tả một quyết định hoặc đồng ý sẽ làm chuyện gì đó ngay lúc nói.
||Be going tonghĩa là ta đã quyết định rồi.
|There's a postbox over there. I'll post these letters.
You still haven't put those shelves up, Trevor. -
OK, I'll do it tomorrow.
|I'm going out. I'm going to post these letters.
You still haven't put those shelves up, Trevor. - I
know. I'm going to do it tomorrow.
|Trevor quyết định lúc đang nói.
||Trevor đã quyết định trước đó rồi.
Tiên đoán (Predictions)
BE GOING TO
|Ta có thể dùngwillđể tiên đoán chuyện sẽ xảy ra trong tương lai.
||Ta dùngbe going tokhi dựa trên tình hình hiện tại quan sát được để tiên đoán chuyện sẽ xảy ra trong tương lai.
|I think United will win the game.
One day people will travel to Mars.
|There isn't a cloud in the sky. It's going to bea
This bag isn't very strong. It's going to break.
Thường có thể dùng cả hai hình thức để tiên đoán. Ví dụ như, ta cũng thể nói:
I think United are going to win the game.
Thường thì be going tothì ít trang trọng và nghiêng về văn nói hơn will.
------- BÀI TẬP----------
Chia động từ với will hoặc be going to
Ví dụ 1:
Vicky: Have you got a ticket for the play?
Daniel: Yes, I'm going to see (see) it on Thursday.
Ví dụ 2:
Harriet: The alarm's going. It's making an awful noise.
Mike: OK, I'll switch (switch) it off.
1. Daniel: Did you buy this book?
Matthew: No, Emma did. She _________ (read) it on holiday.
2. Laura: Would you like tea or coffee?
Sarah: Oh, I______________ (have) coffee, please.
3. Trevor: I'm going to miss a good film on TV because I'll be out tonight.
Laura: I _____________ (video) it for you, if you like.
4. Rachel: I'm just going out to get a paper.
Emma: What newspaper _________ (you /buy)?
Bạn sẽ nói gì đây, hãy dùng will hoặc be going to
You want to express your intention to look round the museum. (Bạn muốn cho biết mình dự định sẽ đi thăm bảo tàng)
Your friend: Do you have any plans for this afternoon?
You: Yes, I'm going to look round the museum.
1. You hate dogs. Dogs always attack you if they get the chance.
Your friend: That dog doesn't look very friendly.
You: It's coming towards us ___________________.
2. You predict the landing of aliens on the earth in the next ten years.
Your friend: All this talk about aliens is complete nonsense, isn't it?
You: Is it? I think __________________.
3. You know that your friend's sister has decided to get married.
Your friend: Have you heard about my sister?
You: Well, I heard that _________________ .
4. You suddenly decide you want to invite lIona for a meal.
Your friend: Did you know llona will be in town next weekend?
You: No, I didn't ________________.
Hoàn tất bản tin về ngôi làng Brickfield bằng will hoặc be going to cho phù hợp
We have learned this week that the local council has plans for Westside Park in Brickfield.
The council is going to sell (sell) the land to a builder, Forbes and Son. The plans are all ready. (1)_____ (we / build) fifty houses,' said Mr. Forbes. 'In two years' time everything (2)__________ (be) finished. I'm sure people (3) ___________ (like) the houses. Most of them (4) __________(be) for young families. And we intend to take care of the environment. (5) ________(we / not / cut) down all the trees, only a few of them. But people living near the park are angry. 'This is a terrible idea. We’re all against it,' said Mrs. MaryBrent. (6)_____________ (we /have) a protest march on Saturday. I expect everyone in Brickfield (7) _________ (be) there. We’ve reached our decision. (8) ________(we / stop) this plan.
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